34 Dickinson Road,
21st August, 1944
Dear Mum and Dad,
I am writing to you tell you that I am safe, but I am on a run from the Nazis. It will take me some time but, I promise I will never give up and will try to find you.
I have been hiding in a secret underground area that a young man Barney, let us stay in. Barney has kept a lot of Jewish children safe in this area. This might help you hide from the Nazis too.
Recently I have found a friend named Zelda, she is half Nazi but she doesn’t like Nazis. She sticks with me everywhere I go. I will never leave her sight. Zelda is a great friend, maybe you should find a friend to stick with to stay strong.
I promise I will find you and never give up, even if the Nazis find me.
Once is about Felix, a young Jewish boy who escapes an orphanage to reunite with his parents. Throughout his journey, Felix comes to understand the harsh reality of the Holocaust and overcomes difficulties through hope, friendship, imagination and resilience.
The major social justice issue in this book is racial discrimination, which is when certain people are treated unfairly due to their ethnicity. This issue is similarly presented in trash where their rights are taken away from them.
This book has impacted me to try my best and raise awareness for racial discrimination and be aware of this issue. To achieve this goal I will donate money to the voiceless and speak out the word to everyone around me, this will allow the community to be aware of this too. I will also stand up for racism.
In part 2, the police interrogate and harass the people of Behala Dumpsite about the money bag. The main characters are Raphael and the police. The writer keeps the reader interested through the tension between the police and Raphael. Tension is built through the characters’ dialogue. The police’s speech is mainly made up of questions. For example, “who were you with, who saw you?” This shows that the police is the dominant figure of authority and power in the interrogation.
Raphael’s responses are usually short and interrupted as in “yes sir, nobody sir.” This is to highlight how overpowered the police is. Raphael’s lies and feelings are revealed in his first-person narration. The violent actions of the police, including slapping and dragging Raphael, emphasises how intimidating the police is and shows Raphael’s vulnerability. This interaction between the police and Raphael addresses poverty, class differences and the voiceless as important social justice issues.
Nelson Mandela – a man all Australians can learn from
Written by Daisy Choi
From 1948 to 1994, South Africa was segregated by race according to the apartheid system. Non-white Africans were not allowed to attend the same school, use the same public facilities or even have the same jobs as white people. They were discriminated and disadvantaged. Nelson Mandela was a noble man who promoted equality and helped end the apartheid system in South Africa.
Nelson Mandela led many protests that addressed the social injustice of a racially segregated nation.
In the process, Nelson was charged with treason and imprisoned for a total of 27 years. However, he persisted and overcame the hardships he faced, because “The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.”Eventually, he negotiated with F.W. de Klerk (the president of South Africa at the time) and helped achieve equality for South Africans.
In Australia, we live in a multicultural country, where we meet people from different races every day. So, it is important that we understand and embrace the differences that exist in our society. Nelson Mandela once said, “I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations. I have fought it all during my life; I fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days.” If Australians can think and act like Nelson Mandela, we will learn the importance of accepting the differences in our society, so that we can live harmoniously together.
I believe that it is morally wrong to kill any human being. However, if you or society is exposed to danger and lives are at risk, you may not have any other choice but to kill in an act of self-defense or for the protection of the wider society. We can see this in history. For example, Adolf Hitler was a ruthless dictator who killed millions of Jews during the Holocaust. Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg is remembered as a hero who tried to assassinate Hitler and put an end to the genocide in Operation Valkyrie. We need to question if it is morally right or wrong to kill a murder, however, in the situation Stauffenberg was in, was the act of being brave.